BerkswichCE Primary School

Achieve, Believe and Care

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Year 2

Geography in Year Two


Locational and place knowledge


  • name and locate the world’s seven continents and five oceans 

Human and Physical geography

  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to: 
    • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather 
    • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop  
  • identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles


Geographical skills and fieldwork


  • use simple compass directions (North, South, East and West)


Geographical skills and fieldwork (for Year One and Two)


  • ask and answer geographical questions such as “What is this place like?” “What do people do in this place?”
  • identify the key features of a location in order to say whether it is a city, town, village, coastal or rural area)
  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features;
  • devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key. Use simple grid references (A1, B1).