BerkswichCE Primary School

Achieve, Believe and Care

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Year 1

Geography in Year One


Locational and place knowledge


  • name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas 
  • understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country


Human and Physical geography


  • use basic geographical vocabulary to refer to:
    • key physical features, including: beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, vegetation, season and weather
    • key human features, including: city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour and shop 

Geographical skills and fieldwork


  • use simple fieldwork and observational skills to study the geography of their school and its grounds and the key human and physical features of its surrounding environment.
  • use locational language such as near, far, left and right to describe the location of features and routes on a map


Geographical skills and fieldwork (for Year One and Year Two)


  • ask and answer geographical questions such as “What is this place like?” “What do people do in this place?”
  • identify the key features of a location in order to say whether it is a city, town, village, coastal or rural area)
  • use world maps, atlases and globes to identify the United Kingdom and its countries, as well as the countries, continents and oceans studied at this key stage
  • use aerial photographs and plan perspectives to recognise landmarks and basic human and physical features;
  • devise a simple map; and use and construct basic symbols in a key. Use simple grid references (A1, B1)