BerkswichCE Primary School

Achieve, Believe and Care

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English in Year 5 and 6

English in Year Five and Year Six


Spoken Language (in all years)


Pupils should be taught to:

  • listen and respond appropriately to adults and their peers
  • ask relevant questions to extend their understanding and knowledge
  • use relevant strategies to build their vocabulary
  • articulate and justify answers, arguments and opinions
  • give well-structured descriptions, explanations and narratives for different purposes, including for expressing feelings
  • maintain attention and participate actively in collaborative conversations, staying on topic and initiating and responding to comments
  • use spoken language to develop understanding through speculating, hypothesising, imagining and exploring ideas
  • speak audibly and fluently with an increasing command of Standard English
  • participate in discussions, presentations, performances, role play, improvisations and debates 
  • gain, maintain and monitor the interest of the listener(s)
  • consider and evaluate different viewpoints, attending to and building on the contributions of others
  • select and use appropriate registers for effective communication. 


Writing - Transcription


For spelling, please visit the 'Supporting Learning' area in the main site (link below).


Handwriting and presentation 


Pupils should be taught to:  

  • write legibly, fluently and with increasing speed by: 
    • choosing which shape of a letter to use when given choices and deciding whether or not to join specific letters
    • choosing the writing implement that is best suited for a task.


Writing Composition


Pupils should be taught to: 

  • plan their writing by: 
    • identifying the audience for and purpose of the writing, selecting the appropriate form and using other similar writing as models for their own 
    • noting and developing initial ideas, drawing on reading and research where necessary 
    • in writing narratives, considering how authors have developed characters and settings in what pupils have read, listened to or seen performed 
  • draft and write by:  
    • selecting appropriate grammar and vocabulary, understanding how such choices can change and enhance meaning 
    • in narratives, describing settings, characters and atmosphere and integrating dialogue to convey character and advance the action 
    • précising longer passages 
    • using a wide range of devices to build cohesion within and across paragraphs 
    • using further organisational and presentational devices to structure text and to guide the reader [for example, headings, bullet points, underlining] 
  • evaluate and edit by: 
    • assessing the effectiveness of their own and others’ writing
    • proposing changes to vocabulary, grammar and punctuation to enhance effects and clarify meaning 
    • ensuring the consistent and correct use of tense throughout a piece of writing 
    • ensuring correct subject and verb agreement when using singular and plural, distinguishing between the language of speech and writing and choosing the appropriate register
  • proof-read for spelling and punctuation errors
  • perform their own compositions, using appropriate intonation, volume, and movement so that meaning is clear.


Writing - vocabulary, grammar and punctuation


Pupils should be taught to: 

  • develop their understanding of the concepts set out in English Appendix 2 by: 
    • recognising vocabulary and structures that are appropriate for formal speech and writing, including subjunctive forms 
    • using passive verbs to affect the presentation of information in a sentence 
    • using the perfect form of verbs to mark relationships of time and cause 
    • using expanded noun phrases to convey complicated information concisely 
    • using modal verbs or adverbs to indicate degrees of possibility 
    • using relative clauses beginning with who, which, where, when, whose, that or with an implied (i.e. omitted) relative pronoun 
    • learning the grammar for years 5 and 6 in English Appendix 2 
  • indicate grammatical and other features by: 
    • using commas to clarify meaning or avoid ambiguity in writing 
    • using hyphens to avoid ambiguity 
    • using brackets, dashes or commas to indicate parenthesis 
    • using semi-colons, colons or dashes to mark boundaries between independent clauses 
    • using a colon to introduce a list 
    • punctuating bullet points consistently 
  • use and understand the grammatical terminology in English Appendix 2 accurately and appropriately in discussing their writing and reading.